Community Change and Crime

John Hipp and Alyssa Whitby Chamberlain

in Criminology

ISBN: 9780195396607
Published online June 2011 | | DOI:
Community Change and Crime

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Community change and crime employs a dynamic perspective, linking ecological changes to changes in crime. More specifically, geographic places are considered entities that can change over time, and these changes can have important implications for various social and economic processes. Changes in a variety of structural characteristics have been linked to changes in crime, including economic and social resources, residential stability, immigration, and racial composition. Ecological changes are examined at both a micro and a macro level. Micro-level research may involve examining changes in an area as small as a street segment or as large as a neighborhood or police precinct area. Macro-level research may involve evaluating the impact of changes that occur across an entire city, county, or region. The issue of community change is further complicated when considering the fact that communities not only change over time, but the areas within which these communities are embedded are also changing, and these changes occur simultaneously. Variations in these surrounding areas may have a direct impact on levels of crime in a particular area. The growing evidence suggesting a link between neighborhood change and crime has also been applied to several policy initiatives. Programs such as Moving to Opportunity and Gautreaux are examples of such policies, in which inner-city residents are relocated to suburban areas with ample social and economic resources. The range of issues examined in the community change and crime literature is vast, but these studies provide a unique insight into understanding the role that the ecology of place plays in the amplification of crime.

Article.  11378 words. 

Subjects: Criminology and Criminal Justice ; Criminal Justice ; Criminology

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