Article

Comparative Criminal Justice Systems

Philip Reichel

in Criminology

ISBN: 9780195396607
Published online November 2010 | | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/obo/9780195396607-0075
Comparative Criminal Justice Systems

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Research on comparative criminal justice systems focuses on the various ways political units attempt to maintain social order and accomplish justice. It is distinguished from comparative criminology, which focuses on crime patterns in two or more cultures and on testing—at the international level—theories about crime. It is also distinguished from comparative law, which includes private law and administrative law, as well as criminal law. When the focus is on the policies, practices, institutions, agencies, and people responsible for identifying, prosecuting, adjudicating, and punishing criminal law violators, criminal justice systems research is being done. It is comparative criminal justice systems research when two or more countries or legal systems are compared and contrasted. It is also common to consider the study of the legal system of a country other than one’s home country as being comparative criminal justice systems research. This guide to sources includes contributions helpful to research endeavors regarding the legal tradition into which particular legal systems might fall (see Comparing Legal Traditions), research that compares features among specific countries or regions (see Comparing Countries), or studies of specific procedures used in various countries (see Comparing Justice Procedures).

Article.  12265 words. 

Subjects: Criminology and Criminal Justice ; Criminal Justice ; Criminology

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