Article

The Chicago School of Criminology

Robert J. Bursik

in Criminology

ISBN: 9780195396607
Published online July 2012 | | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/obo/9780195396607-0077
The Chicago School of Criminology

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As used in this presentation, the traditional Chicago School of Criminology refers to work conducted by faculty and students at the University of Chicago that utilized a macro-sociological theory called “social disorganization” to understand why crime and delinquency rates are higher in some neighborhoods than others. Hundreds of books and articles have focused upon the history of the Department of Sociology at the University of Chicago and the major role it played during the late 19th and early 20th centuries in shaping the general theoretical and analytic foundation of a then-fledgling discipline. In addition, the department’s influence still can be detected easily in much contemporary criminological research. This work actually subsumed a wide variety of conceptual and methodological orientations, and references to a single “Chicago School” of thought overly simplify the rich intellectual diversity of the department at that time. However, the insights generated in the area of urban sociology played an especially critical role in the development of American criminology.

Article.  7287 words. 

Subjects: Criminology and Criminal Justice ; Criminal Justice ; Criminology

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