Article

Cross-National Crime

Janet Stamatel

in Criminology

ISBN: 9780195396607
Published online March 2011 | | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/obo/9780195396607-0082
Cross-National Crime

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The terms “cross-national criminology,” “international criminology,” and “comparative criminology” are often used interchangeably to describe criminological research that concerns a nation other than the researchers’ native country. However, cross-national criminology has a more specific meaning. It emphasizes explicit comparisons of amounts and types of crime across two or more countries; therefore, most single-country criminological studies are excluded from this bibliography. The goals of cross-national research are typically to provide an understanding of crime patterns and trends around the world, to seek explanations for the uneven distribution of crime across countries, to test existing criminological theories in diverse settings, and to inform further theoretical development by considering a wide array of social, political, and cultural contexts. Cross-national criminology emphasizes macro-level conditions that influence criminal behavior. Many cross-national crime studies tend to be quantitative and usually include as many countries as there are available data, leading to cautions about geographic representation and generalizability of results.

Article.  9914 words. 

Subjects: Criminology and Criminal Justice ; Criminal Justice ; Criminology

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