Article

School Crime and Violence

Allison Payne

in Criminology

ISBN: 9780195396607
Published online November 2010 | | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/obo/9780195396607-0120
School Crime and Violence

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Although school-related deaths, violent victimizations in school, and overall school crime have declined in recent years, delinquency and victimization in schools is still a considerable problem for students, faculty, and administrators. Aside from the obvious costs of school crime on property damage and loss and personal injury, school crime and disorder is costly because it reduces the ability of schools to carry out their educational mission, by reducing teacher and student attendance and students’ ability to concentrate and learn. In addition, teachers in disorderly schools spend a large proportion of their time coping with behavior problems rather than in academic instruction, which results in lower levels of student academic engagement, academic performance, and eventually graduation rates. Research has identified several factors related to school disorder that might be manipulated in efforts to reduce these problems; these include student attachment and commitment to school, teacher instructional and classroom management techniques, administrative and discipline policies, and school climate characteristics. This entry provides sources for information on school crime, including general overviews, sources of data, incidents and types, trends, risk and protective factors, theories about school crime, gender and racial differences, school safety, prevention of school crime, and news media coverage.

Article.  5012 words. 

Subjects: Criminology and Criminal Justice ; Criminal Justice ; Criminology

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