Article

Sentencing Guidelines

Brian D. Johnson

in Criminology

ISBN: 9780195396607
Published online April 2011 | | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/obo/9780195396607-0139
Sentencing Guidelines

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Sentencing guidelines are formal sentencing recommendations that provide benchmarks for appropriate punishments to judges at sentencing. They often consist of two-dimensional grids that rank the seriousness of the current offense along one axis and the prior offending history of the offender on the other. Cells within the grid provide specific ranges of punishments that are presumed to be appropriate in typical cases involving typical offenders. Many sentencing guidelines are established and monitored by a specialized administrative body known as a sentencing commission. Since the early 1980s, sentencing guidelines have been implemented in numerous US states and in the federal justice system with the express goals of reducing unwarranted disparity and increasing consistency, uniformity, and transparency in punishment.

Article.  8493 words. 

Subjects: Criminology and Criminal Justice ; Criminal Justice ; Criminology

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