Article

Sport Mega-Events Security

Francisco R. Klauser and Richard Giulianotti

in Criminology

ISBN: 9780195396607
Published online February 2013 | | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/obo/9780195396607-0149
Sport Mega-Events Security

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In recent years, sport mega-events have entered a new phase of development and growth. Their securitization provides perhaps the most striking illustration of this transformation. Ann emerging field of research has begun to take shape in echoing the substantial increase in security concerns and expenditure. This literature has sought to explore the key risks at sport mega-events as well the changing modalities, the sociospatial implications, the legacies, and the multiple interests and forms of collaboration that all coalesce to shape security and surveillance strategies at such events. In this review, we aim to discuss some of the most prominent recent contributions in the field of sport mega-event security. To begin the process, we would like to point to two general ways of classifying the existing literatures. First, a possible distinction can be made with regard to the main themes of research and analysis. Here, we distinguish between four main thematic axes: (1) the logics and functioning of security governance at sport mega-events, (2) key risk issues, (3) implications of sport mega-event security, and (4) the relationships between mega-event security and the general public. While this classification provides a useful heuristic to assess the existing literatures, it should be emphasized that in most contributions, multiple themes are studied simultaneously. A second possible criterion for classifying the existing expertise on sport mega-event security lies in the approach and posture adopted by the authors. Two main poles can be distinguished here. On the one hand, a vast body of work (especially in policing studies and in circles of security professionals) focuses on the probabilities and impacts of specific risks at sport mega-events and on the efficiency of specific measures and strategies to deal with these risks. On the other hand, the (critical) social sciences have sparked a growing literature over the years, focusing on the wider (social, spatial, cultural, economic, etc.) implications and on the logics and motivations of security governance at sport mega-events. Mapping on to, but not synonymous with, the previously outlined thematic divide, this distinction may achieve a certain operational force inasmuch as it sheds light on the objectives and user categories of the relevant contributions. However, in many cases, the distinction is not easy to draw. The different approaches and postures differ in degree rather than in kind.

Article.  7948 words. 

Subjects: Criminology and Criminal Justice ; Criminal Justice ; Criminology

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