Paul Grendler

in Renaissance and Reformation

ISBN: 9780195399301
Published online May 2010 | | DOI:

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  • Modern History (1700 to 1945)
  • Medieval and Renaissance Philosophy


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Princes and towns valued universities so highly that they founded more universities during the Renaissance than existed in the Middle Ages, resulting in more than twice as many European universities in 1600 as in 1400. This is because universities played vital roles. They educated the professional classes of lawyers, doctors, clergymen, and teachers. They taught the army of men who filled administrative positions in the expanding bureaucracies and chanceries of empires, kingdoms, smaller states, towns, the papacy, and dioceses. An extraordinary number of intellectual and religious leaders of the Renaissance period came from universities. And universities produced vast quantities of original learning. Scholars have been aware of the importance of universities since the Renaissance, as professors began writing histories of their own universities in the late 16th century. A steady stream of university histories has followed. Much earlier scholarship consisted of describing origins and compiling lists of professors and students, and this data is essential. Over time, and especially in the second half of the 20th century, scholars have become more skillful in analyzing universities as living institutions and fitting this knowledge into larger intellectual, political, religious, and social contexts. What follows is an introductory bibliography of Europe’s universities in the Renaissance and Reformation eras. The bibliography recognizes the importance of older studies, especially collections of documents, but emphasizes recent scholarship.

Article.  7077 words. 

Subjects: Modern History (1700 to 1945) ; Medieval and Renaissance Philosophy

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