German Reformation

Hans Hillerbrand and Wladyslaw Roczniak

in Renaissance and Reformation

ISBN: 9780195399301
Published online May 2010 | | DOI:
German Reformation

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  • Modern History (1700 to 1945)
  • Medieval and Renaissance Philosophy


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In the 16th century, “Germany” existed only as a kind of shorthand term to designate the German-speaking lands of the Holy Roman Empire that encompassed, in addition to these, large areas such as the Low Countries, eastern France, and northern Italy. It was in these German-speaking lands that Martin Luther first voiced his theological concerns, and it was there that the major theological controversies of the 16th century were fought. Here, the first generation of Reform leaders emerged; the new Reformation liturgy was first put into practice; pamphlets circulated in a propaganda war in support of Reform; marginal persons, such as women and peasants, were drawn into discussions that at first involved only reformers and their princely or patrician patrons; and Protestant views on perennial outsiders—Jews and Turks—were first articulated.

Article.  9408 words. 

Subjects: Modern History (1700 to 1945) ; Medieval and Renaissance Philosophy

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