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Julius II

Nelson H. Minnich

in Renaissance and Reformation

ISBN: 9780195399301
Published online May 2010 | | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/obo/9780195399301-0060
Julius II

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  • Modern History (1700 to 1945)
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Julius II (Giuliano della Rovere, b. 1443–d. 1513, pope 1503–1513) is best known as the “warrior pope” who used warfare to accomplish his ends of gaining control of the Papal States after the alienation of sections to Cesare Borgia, the incursions and confiscation of the Venetians, and the rebellion of local lords. His reversal of alliances in the War of the League of Cambrai (also called the War of the Holy League in its later phases [NB: once the alliances were reversed in 1509, the new papal alliance was called the Holy League and the war continued]) earned him the hatred of his former allies, the calling of a Church council to distract him, and, in the end, the reward of an expansion of the Papal States to include Reggio-Modena and Parma-Piacenza. He is thus hailed as the second founder of the Papal States. While he temporarily succeeded in driving the French from Italy, that achievement came at the price of entrenching the Spanish. While he supported Church reform in some areas, he devoted most of his attention to political issues. He also hired the leading artists of his day to glorify papal authority in Rome.

Article.  4450 words. 

Subjects: Modern History (1700 to 1945) ; Medieval and Renaissance Philosophy

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