China and Europe, 1550-1800

Nicolas Standaert and Ad Dudink

in Renaissance and Reformation

ISBN: 9780195399301
Published online October 2012 | | DOI:
China and Europe, 1550-1800

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  • Modern History (1700 to 1945)
  • Medieval and Renaissance Philosophy



The contacts between China and Europe in the period 1550–1800 (which corresponds to the late Ming and the early and mid-Qing dynasties) include a large variety of encounters but primarily consist of the encounter of European Christianity with China. This bibliography, following the General Overviews and Reference Works and Bibliographies sections, focuses on the main actors (Europeans and Chinese), the major fields of encounter in China (Philosophy and Theology, Science and Technology, Arts and Crafts), and the cultural transmission to Europe. To consult primary sources one needs to master Classical Chinese and by preference several languages among Italian, Portuguese, Latin, and Spanish. For the early 18th century, French and Manchu are needed (and sometimes German); though most of the secondary sources mentioned in this article are in English, the majority of the secondary sources are actually in languages other than English, for example, (modern) Chinese, German, French, and Italian, and have not been translated. For these important secondary sources, especially Chinese sources, see Reference Works and Bibliographies.

Article.  6219 words. 

Subjects: Modern History (1700 to 1945) ; Medieval and Renaissance Philosophy

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