Article

Hinduism and Jainism

Jonathan Geen

in Hinduism

ISBN: 9780195399318
Published online June 2012 | | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/obo/9780195399318-0048
Hinduism and Jainism

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For approximately 2,500 years, Hinduism and Jainism have coexisted in South Asia, leading to a long history of interaction and mutual influence, particularly in the areas of philosophy and mythology. However, being very much a minority community throughout most regions and time periods (currently comprising only 0.5 percent of the Indian population), the Jains have typically paid closer attention to Hindus than Hindus have to Jains. As a rule, at least until the 12th to 13th centuries ce, Hindus viewed Buddhists as their primary religious rival. This is reflected both in primary and secondary sources, and much of the available material focusing on the intersection between Hinduism and Jainism comes from Jain texts or scholars of Jainism. This essay, wherever possible, will highlight both primary and secondary sources that deal specifically with the intersection between Hinduism and Jainism in South Asia. For certain topics, however, there is little direct comparative work available, and the reader will be left to his or her own devices, based on independent Hindu and Jain sources. Due to space constraints, primary-source references are kept to a minimum, because they could quickly fill the entire bibliography, though many of the relevant primary-source references may be obtained easily within the sources listed here.

Article.  16057 words. 

Subjects: Hinduism

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