Article

Brazil

John M. Monteiro

in Atlantic History

ISBN: 9780199730414
Published online August 2011 | | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/obo/9780199730414-0011
Brazil

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  • History of the Americas
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In the early 21st century, one of the world’s largest nations, Brazil, owes its existence to a history that is intimately connected to the ebb and flow of the Atlantic. In 1500 the Atlantic brought Cabral’s off-course fleet into contact with indigenous peoples along the east coast of South America. In 1850 the government of imperial Brazil finally ended the Atlantic slave trade, which had forcibly introduced millions of Africans into Portuguese America and Brazil over the course of three and a half centuries. Between these landmark dates an intense transoceanic exchange of peoples, pathogens, plants, animals, commodities, languages, and ideas shaped many of the essential features of this rich and varied New World society. Although this bibliography focuses mainly on the period ending with the extinction of the transatlantic slave trade, it should be noted that Brazil’s Atlantic vocation did not end there. The subsequent abolition of slavery itself, in 1888, accelerated the process of mass immigration from Europe, shifting the main axis of exchange from the south to the north Atlantic. Thanks to the expansion of graduate programs in Brazil in the early 21st century, historical studies have grown exponentially. This entry includes mostly English-language items, which limits and in some ways introduces a bias to the scope of the bibliography, as the depth and breadth of Brazilian scholarship is underrepresented. Even with the creation of a more explicit Atlantic studies agenda, however, it should be noted that Brazil’s engagement with the Atlantic, especially in its relations with Europe and Africa, has always figured as an important theme in Brazilian history.

Article.  13902 words. 

Subjects: History of the Americas ; European History ; African History ; History ; Regional and National History

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