Adrian Ang

in International Relations

ISBN: 9780199743292
Published online March 2011 | | DOI:

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The study of sanctions is topical but also contentious and inconclusive in international relations. On the one hand, scholars are deeply divided on the utility of sanctions as foreign-policy instruments. There is an ongoing debate about the “success” or “effectiveness” of sanctions that has yielded a conventional wisdom that they are failed policy instruments. On the other hand, even as the effectiveness of sanctions remains mired in academic debate, its popularity as a policy instrument among policymakers has never been higher. Even among scholars who argue that sanctions can work, there is disagreement about the strategies for achieving success as well as when and why they succeed. The goals of this bibliography are to expose the reader to the debates surrounding the success or failure of sanctions; to explore the conditions under which sanctions might achieve success and the multiple reasons why states impose sanctions beyond mere compliance; to understand why policymakers continue to impose sanctions even if academics denigrate their failure; to explore the costs and consequences of sanctions; and to explore some of the methodological issues related to the study of economic sanctions.

Article.  8865 words. 

Subjects: International Relations

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