Article

Geopolitics and Geostrategy

Hall Gardner

in International Relations

ISBN: 9780199743292
Published online March 2011 | | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/obo/9780199743292-0056
Geopolitics and Geostrategy

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Concepts of geopolitics and geostrategy are moving in new directions in the aftermath of the Soviet collapse in 1991 and the antistate “terrorist” attacks on the World Trade Center and the Pentagon on September 11, 2001. A reconceptualization has proved necessary in the effort to better analyze the global ramifications of the collapse of the amphibious Soviet empire, if not predict the future geopolitical contours of the global system. At present, the essentially insular United States continues to sustain global military predominance, but appears to be losing its overseas political and economic influence in a number of regions due to the rise of emerging powers. Questions remain as to whether a new form of polycentrism is truly in the making, how long the United States can sustain its global predominance, and whether the advent of globalization and rise of new regional powers will result in wider regional, if not global conflict, or else in new systems of global governance that could help mediate more traditional territorial state rivalry. This article examines works that deal with geopolitics and geostrategy and that generally seek to examine multiple systemic factors that affect global decision-making processes, not to overlook the forces of globalization as they have impacted upon more traditional geopolitical analysis. It consequently looks at those studies that seek to formulate or discuss the multidimensional aspects of global strategy, including military strategy and diplomacy, particularly when the latter is used as the art of statecraft to reach settlements over territory or other vital issues of geostrategic, military-technological or political-economic concerns.

Article.  6503 words. 

Subjects: International Relations

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