Article

Israeli Politics

Gideon Rahat and Jonathan Mendilow

in Political Science

ISBN: 9780199756223
Published online February 2013 | | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/obo/9780199756223-0059
Israeli Politics

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  • Politics
  • Comparative Politics
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Israel is a parliamentary democracy that was established in 1948. However, the foundations of its political system were laid before the state was established, in the framework of the Zionist movement and the Jewish community in Palestine, especially at the time of the British Mandate (1920–1948). Israel is a multicleavage society. The main rift is between Jews (about 75 percent of the population, as of 2011) and Arab/Palestinian citizens (about 20 percent). Prominent rifts also exist among the Jews: the religious–secular rift, the intra-Jewish communal rift (Ashkenazi–Mizrachi), the ideological rift (left–right), and the rift among new immigrants and natives and veteran immigrants. Partly as a result of the highly proportional electoral system, these social rifts are translated into multiparty politics and coalition governments.

Article.  14191 words. 

Subjects: Politics ; Comparative Politics ; Political Institutions ; Political Methodology ; Political Theory

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