Article

Adolescence

Melissa R. Herman

in Sociology

ISBN: 9780199756384
Published online April 2012 | | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/obo/9780199756384-0002
Adolescence

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  • Sociology
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The sociology of adolescence focuses on biological, social, economic, and psychological development of youth during the period between childhood and adulthood. In this period, typical youth undergo puberty, consolidate cognitive reasoning abilities, and attain majority status and social privileges. Most youths complete their education, undergo cultural rites of passage, develop economic and emotional independence from parents, and develop the capacity for intimacy with peers. Developmental sociologists examine these changes in the contexts of home, family, peer group, school, neighborhood, work, houses of worship, and extracurricular activities. Although the field has much in common with the psychological study of adolescence, developmental sociology focuses more on the institutions in which adolescents develop: from whole societies to ethnic groups, from schools to homeless shelters, and from baseball fields to gang turf.

Article.  13786 words. 

Subjects: Sociology ; Comparative and Historical Sociology ; Economic Sociology ; Gender and Sexuality ; Health, Illness, and Medicine ; Population and Demography ; Race and Ethnicity ; Social Movements and Social Change ; Social Stratification, Inequality, and Mobility ; Social Theory

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