Article

Criminology

Sara Wakefield

in Sociology

ISBN: 9780199756384
Published online July 2011 | | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/obo/9780199756384-0010
Criminology

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Criminology is a broad subfield drawing from a number of academic disciplines. Beyond its historically strong ties to sociology, criminology draws from scholars in psychology, economics, law, and political science, among others, and large, interdisciplinary criminology departments have grown more common in recent decades. This review is confined to criminology as practiced within sociology; interested readers, however, should be aware that the study of crime cuts across several disciplines. Sociological criminology encompasses a broad range of topics and includes an emphasis on the causes of crime as well as social reactions to crime. This module provides an introduction to the field and includes (a) a description of the main textbooks, handbooks, and edited volumes suitable for teaching a course in criminology at the graduate and undergraduate levels; (b) a description of common sources of crime and criminal justice data; (c) a description of the top publishing outlets in criminology; (d) a sampling of introductory materials on the relationship between demographic characteristics (age, race, class, and gender) and crime; and (e) an overview of the main theories of crime causation. While criminology also includes a number of topical subareas (e.g., adolescence and delinquency, gang involvement, substance use, sentencing and corrections, and so on), the theories included here are common to most introductory criminology texts.

Article.  9656 words. 

Subjects: Sociology ; Comparative and Historical Sociology ; Economic Sociology ; Gender and Sexuality ; Health, Illness, and Medicine ; Population and Demography ; Race and Ethnicity ; Social Movements and Social Change ; Social Stratification, Inequality, and Mobility ; Social Theory

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