Article

Trust

Karen Cook and Bogdan State

in Sociology

ISBN: 9780199756384
Published online July 2011 | | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/obo/9780199756384-0062
Trust

More Like This

Show all results sharing these subjects:

  • Sociology
  • Comparative and Historical Sociology
  • Economic Sociology
  • Gender and Sexuality
  • Health, Illness, and Medicine
  • Population and Demography
  • Race and Ethnicity
  • Social Movements and Social Change
  • Social Stratification, Inequality, and Mobility
  • Social Theory

GO

Show Summary Details

Preview

Trust is a recurrent theme in social science literature. In the past four decades it has become the focus of a great deal of empirical work in efforts to identify its causes and effects in social life. Several key book-length monographs and edited collections seem to have stimulated the growth of research and writing on trust in the social sciences. Among these volumes were the 1988 volume edited by Diego Gambetta, Trust: Making and Breaking Cooperative Relations and the widely circulated book by Frances Fukuyama, Trust: Social Virtues and the Creation of Prosperity, published in 1995. A number of themes in these two volumes set the agenda for subsequent research including efforts to understand the linkages between trust and economic development, an agenda that Robert Putnam, a political scientist, took up as he put the thesis of declining civic participation at the center of criticisms of modern societies. For Putnam the core claim was one of the demise of social capital, which included declining social trust. We discuss the literature that focuses specifically on trust at various levels of analysis (interpersonal, organizational, interorganizational and institutional), but we separate this discussion from the more general category of work on social capital, originally defined by Putnam as encompassing networks, norms, and trust. The field of trust research is truly interdisciplinary with contributions from philosophy and all of the social sciences, especially psychology, political science, sociology and, more recently, behavioral economics and anthropology. There is no distinctive sociological perspective on trust, but sociologists are more likely to focus on interpersonal trust, organizational trust, and institutional trust. Cook, et al. 2007 presents one sociological perspective on relational trust focusing on trust at the interpersonal level and arguing that it is much more difficult to trust organizations and large-scale institutions such as government given the knowledge that would be required to trust an entity of this size. In this review we cover many of the important papers that have set the research agenda concerning the role of trust in society. No single discipline can claim to have covered this topic in its entirety.

Article.  11149 words. 

Subjects: Sociology ; Comparative and Historical Sociology ; Economic Sociology ; Gender and Sexuality ; Health, Illness, and Medicine ; Population and Demography ; Race and Ethnicity ; Social Movements and Social Change ; Social Stratification, Inequality, and Mobility ; Social Theory

Full text: subscription required

How to subscribe Recommend to my Librarian

Buy this work at Oxford University Press »

Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content. Please, subscribe or login to access all content.