Article

Military Sociology

Morten G. Ender

in Sociology

ISBN: 9780199756384
Published online March 2013 | | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/obo/9780199756384-0079
Military Sociology

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Military sociology is a subfield of sociology. Military sociology is similar to medical sociology and other institutional studies such as the sociologies of education, family, sport, and religion, taking organization matters as the main focus and studying them systemically. Military sociology as a substantive field within sociology transcends the institutional and examines a broad range of social activities. Military sociology is sociological in the sense of capturing the breadth and depth of the field of sociology to include social psychology and small groups to management and leadership to societies and cultures. One perspective is within the organization and culture of the military. Another perspective looks outward at the intersection of the military and the larger society. Analyses within military sociology include the micro, mezzo, and macro levels. Military sociology is military in the sense that it captures the full range of human armed services activities from the management of violence and peacekeeping to soldier and civilian attitudes about defense matters. Military sociology can be traced to studies in the United States during and immediately after World War II (WWII). The field matured during the early 1960s at the University of Michigan and the University of Chicago, and by the 1980s graduate programs in the United States including those at the University of Maryland, Northwestern University, and Texas A&M University regularly began producing MAs and PhDs in military sociology. Military sociology is an international discipline, with military sociologists around the world, including in western and eastern Europe, Latin and Central America, Australia, India, Japan, Russia, and Canada. Since the end of the 20th century, generalist sociologists have been noted for researching military matters, as have been specialized sociologists such as marriage and family specialists, cultural sociologists, demographers, and theorists among others. Military sociology is interdisciplinary as well, with sociologists working closely with sister disciplines in military psychology and military anthropology in addition to political science and history.

Article.  11621 words. 

Subjects: Sociology ; Comparative and Historical Sociology ; Economic Sociology ; Gender and Sexuality ; Health, Illness, and Medicine ; Population and Demography ; Race and Ethnicity ; Social Movements and Social Change ; Social Stratification, Inequality, and Mobility ; Social Theory

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