Article

Addiction

Mark Griffiths, Steve Sussman, Nadra Lisha, Gillian Smith and Adam Leventhal

in Public Health

ISBN: 9780199756797
Published online February 2011 | | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/obo/9780199756797-0002
Addiction

Preview

Conceptualizing addiction has been a matter of intense debate for decades. For many, addiction theory has applied only to alcohol, tobacco, or drug ingestion, with most definitions concentrated on these substances. Despite such focus, there is increasing empirical evidence to illustrate that wider behaviors are potentially addictive, such as gambling, overeating, sex, love, exercise, video game and pinball playing, Internet use, buying and shopping, and work (see Sussman, et al. 2010 in Conceptual and Theoretical Issues). Such diversity has led to new, broader definitions of what constitutes addictive behavior. One group defines addictive behavior as a repetitive pattern of behavior that increases the risk of medical, personal, or social problems, often experienced subjectively as involving a loss of behavioral control over the addiction and high relapse rates when one tries to stop. Those scholars mention that addictive behaviors typically provide short-term gratification with long-term costs. This bibliography does not focus on substance abuse prevention but rather focuses exclusively on addictions.

Article.  5542 words. 

Subjects: Public Health and Epidemiology

Full text: subscription required

How to subscribeRecommend to my Librarian

Buy this work at Oxford University Press »