Article

Violence Prevention

Andrés Villaveces

in Public Health

ISBN: 9780199756797
Published online May 2012 | | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/obo/9780199756797-0026
Violence Prevention

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Violence as defined by the World Health Organization (WHO) is the intentional use of physical force or power, threatened or actual, against oneself, another person, or against a group or community that either results in or has a high likelihood of resulting in injury, death, psychological harm, maldevelopment, or deprivation. Violence prevention or the prevention of intentional injuries is part of the subtopic of injury prevention, as it is understood from a public health perspective. Violence prevention addresses all forms of violence, including violence perpetrated between individuals (interpersonal violence) or between groups, or collective violence (i.e., war), and self-inflicted violence (i.e., self-abuse and suicide). This classification is known as the typology of violence according to the WHO and can be manifested in different forms such as physical, psychological, or sexual violence, or as neglect. It can also be explained by the type of violence inflicted on individuals throughout their lifespan, by the use of violence against persons of different sex, or by the types of weapons or factors involved in the perpetration of violence (such as firearms or alcohol). Violent behaviors have multiple manifestations, including child abuse and neglect, violence against women or intimate partners and within families, youth violence, abuse against older persons, suicide, and collective violence. Other forms of violence include hate crimes, such as those directed towards minority races, immigrants, persons with different sexual orientations, or some religious groups. The prevention of violence follows strategies that involve multiple disciplines and includes actions aimed at modifying human behaviors, establishing legal conditions or frameworks to promote safety, or using physical or engineering modifications to reduce risks or improve safety. Public health interventions to prevent or control violence include primary prevention activities (preventing violence before it happens), secondary prevention activities (mitigating the effects of violence), and tertiary prevention activities (treating the consequences of violence and providing rehabilitation).

Article.  12652 words. 

Subjects: Public Health and Epidemiology

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