Article

Skin Cancer Prevention

Karen Glanz

in Public Health

ISBN: 9780199756797
Published online February 2011 | | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/obo/9780199756797-0056
Skin Cancer Prevention

Preview

Skin cancer is the most commonly diagnosed cancer in the United States, with more than 1 million Americans diagnosed with it each year. The incidence of skin cancer has increased dramatically worldwide since 2000. Both main types of skin cancer—malignant melanoma and nonmelanoma skin cancer (NMSC)—are now significant public health concerns. Yet even though skin cancer rates are increasing, it is considered one of the most preventable types of cancer. Prevention guidelines include reducing exposure to ultraviolet radiation (UVR); adopting sun protection habits, including the use of sunscreen, hats, shirts, and sunglasses; performing regular skin self-examination; and seeking professional evaluation of suspicious skin changes. Most skin cancer prevention interventions reported in the literature are directed at the general population through school-based curricula, multicomponent community programs, or media campaigns, and some recent trials have targeted people with high sun exposure at work or during outdoor recreation. Children and adolescents are important audiences for skin cancer prevention. This article identifies bibliographic resources related to skin cancer prevention for the general population and groups at increased risk because of genetic traits or environmental exposures. Current and recent books and research articles are included, along with works addressing issues in measurement and methodology for research and evaluation of skin cancer prevention.

Article.  5528 words. 

Subjects: Public Health and Epidemiology

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