Article

Environmental Protection Agency

Mark Robson

in Public Health

ISBN: 9780199756797
Published online February 2011 | | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/obo/9780199756797-0060
Environmental Protection Agency

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The US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) is a federal agency of the US government with the responsibility to protect human health and the environment. EPA is charged with the development and enforcement of regulations based on laws passed by Congress. The EPA was established by an executive order of President Richard Nixon and began operation on 2 December 1970. The agency is led by its administrator, who is appointed by the president and approved by Congress. It has regulatory authority through a variety of legislative acts, and also acts as a public health agency that issues advisories and formal risk assessments in areas where it lacks regulatory authority. The EPA’s FY 2010 budget requested $10.5 billion in discretionary budget authority and included a staffing request for 17,384 employees. In the FY 2010 budget request, the agency described its main purpose under five strategic goals: clean air and global climate change, clean and safe water, land preservation and restoration, healthy communities and ecosystems, and compliance and environmental stewardship. EPA headquarters, including its program offices, are located in Washington, DC; it also has ten regional offices around the country. In addition, the EPA operates twenty-seven specialized laboratories throughout the United States that focus on various aspects of environmental research and assessment. This entry includes sections discussing reference resources, reviews and reports, policy assessments, initiatives, historical background, environmental justice, science in decision making, and EPA strategy documents.

Article.  3698 words. 

Subjects: Public Health and Epidemiology

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