Article

Polio Eradication in Pakistan

Zulfiqar A. Bhutta, Muhammad Atif Habib and Sajid Bashir Soofi

in Public Health

ISBN: 9780199756797
Published online March 2017 | | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/obo/9780199756797-0158
Polio Eradication in Pakistan

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Poliomyelitis (polio) is a viral infection that spreads primarily through the fecal-oral route and usually affects children younger than five years of age. After ingestion, the virus multiplies in the intestines and spreads to the nervous system from there, eventually leading to paralysis. Irreversible paralysis is seen in approximately one in every two hundred children that are infected. This paralysis proves fatal in approximately 10 percent of cases when respiratory muscles are involved. Currently, no cure exists for poliomyelitis; however, there are vaccines available which have been successful at significantly reducing the prevalence of this debilitating infection across the world. With a successful vaccination program since 1988, the number of paralyzed persons due to polioviruses has decreased by over 99.9 percent. However, the disease still presents a real threat, especially in Pakistan; this bibliography focuses on the challenges of eradicating disease in this region in particular.

Article.  5390 words. 

Subjects: Public Health and Epidemiology

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