Article

Intelligence

Scott Barry Kaufman

in Education

ISBN: 9780199756810
Published online December 2011 | | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/obo/9780199756810-0021
Intelligence

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What is intelligence? Most would agree that intelligence involves the ability to plan, solve problems, learn from experience, and adapt to a wide range of environments. Fewer people agree on how to measure intelligence, how many forms of intelligence there are, and how much intelligence can be increased. These topics are still as hotly debated today as they were thousands of years ago. In the late 20th and early 21st centuries scientists have increased our understanding of individual differences in intelligent functioning through a variety of modern techniques, including advancements in test measurement, brain scanning, and genome scanning. At the same time, educational psychologists and other researchers have developed training programs and educational interventions to increase the intelligence levels of all people. Other researchers from allied fields, such as personality psychology, social psychology, developmental psychology, cognitive epidemiology, gerontology, and creativity, are also studying intelligence and the interactions between intelligence and related constructs in psychology. The citations in this entry are intended to help navigate through the many articles and books on intelligence. They were selected because of their comprehensiveness, historical significance, and current impact in the field.

Article.  11699 words. 

Subjects: Education ; Organization and Management of Education ; Philosophy and Theory of Education ; Schools Studies ; Teaching Skills and Techniques

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