Article

Multimedia Learning

Richard E. Mayer

in Education

ISBN: 9780199756810
Published online December 2011 | | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/obo/9780199756810-0026
Multimedia Learning

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  • Education
  • Organization and Management of Education
  • Philosophy and Theory of Education
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Multimedia learning refers to learning from words and pictures. The words may be spoken or printed, and the pictures may be static (such as illustrations or photos) or dynamic (such as animation or video). Examples of multimedia learning environments include a computer-based narrated animation, a computer-based educational game, a face-to-face PowerPoint presentation, and a paper-based lesson with text and illustrations. For hundreds of years, educators have relied mainly on verbal modes of instruction, such as textbooks or face-to-face lectures and tutoring. Advances in computer and information technologies now allow for the inclusion of dazzling graphics in instructional presentations and materials. The promise of multimedia learning is that adding graphics to words can improve learners’ understanding of new material. Research on the instructional effects of multimedia reveals that people can learn better when material is presented with pictures rather than just with words—a finding that Mayer 2009 (see Core Books) calls the multimedia principle. A challenge for instructors and instructional designers is to determine how to create effective multimedia instructional messages—materials with words and pictures intended to promote learning. This bibliography examines evidence-based principles for how to design multimedia learning environments that promote student learning.

Article.  6020 words. 

Subjects: Education ; Organization and Management of Education ; Philosophy and Theory of Education ; Schools Studies ; Teaching Skills and Techniques

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