Secondary to Postsecondary Transition Issues

David W. Test, Audrey Bartholomew, Jennifer Cease-Cook, Lauren K. Bethune, Karen M. Diegelmann, Kelly Clark, Debra G. Holzberg, Misty Terrell and Dana Rusher

in Education

ISBN: 9780199756810
Published online December 2011 | | DOI:
Secondary to Postsecondary Transition Issues

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Secondary transition was formally defined by the federal government in the 1990 Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA 1990). In addition to defining transition, IDEA 1990 required the student Individual Education Program (IEP) to include a transition component by age sixteen and transition services for youth with disabilities be coordinated between the school and community service providers. Since 1990, IDEA was amended in 1997 and 2004. IDEA 2004 clarified that the purpose of a free, appropriate public education for a student with a disability was to “prepare them for further education, employment and independent living,” as well as defining transition services as “a coordinated set of activities for a child with a disability that (1) is designed to be within a results oriented process, that is focused on improving the academic and functional achievement of the child with a disability to facilitate the child’s movement from school to post-school activities, including postsecondary education, vocational education, integrated employment (including supported employment), continuing and adult education, adult services, independent living, or community participation; (2) is based on the individual child’s needs, taking into account the child’s strengths, preferences, and interests; and (3) includes instruction, related services, community experiences, the development of employment and other post-school adult living objectives, and if appropriate, acquisition of daily living skills and provision of a functional vocational evaluation” (IDEA; 34 CFR 300.43 (a)] [20 U.S.C. 1401(34)]). While IDEA 2004 provided a formal definition of secondary transition, Halpern 1992 (cited under History) informally defined it as “a period of floundering that occurs for at least the first several years after leaving school as adolescents attempt to assume a variety of adult roles in their communities” (p. 203). As a result, secondary transition is about helping students with disabilities prepare to successfully move from high school to adulthood.

Article.  13594 words. 

Subjects: Education ; Organization and Management of Education ; Philosophy and Theory of Education ; Schools Studies ; Teaching Skills and Techniques

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