Article

Educational Assessment

Terri Pigott and Joshua R. Polanin

in Education

ISBN: 9780199756810
Published online December 2011 | | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/obo/9780199756810-0051
Educational Assessment

More Like This

Show all results sharing these subjects:

  • Education
  • Organization and Management of Education
  • Philosophy and Theory of Education
  • Schools Studies
  • Teaching Skills and Techniques

GO

Show Summary Details

Preview

Educational assessment can be defined as any effort to gather systematic evidence about the attainment of learning goals and objectives, either at the level of the individual student or at the level of a larger organization such as a school, district, or country. This bibliography focuses on methods for examining whether particular educational goals are met, rather than on the diagnosis of learning challenges for individual students. There are two main purposes of educational assessment in our schooling systems: accountability to ensure that certain learning goals are attained and instructional improvement to monitor student learning and the effectiveness of teaching practice. These two broad types of assessments, for accountability and for instructional improvement, encompass differing educational goals and as such may require different methods for their development and analysis. The terms “summative” and “formative” assessment have also been used to characterize the differences between using tests for accountability (summative) and for improvement of instruction and learning (formative). The resources for educational assessment have several different audiences, ranging from the classroom teacher to research methodologists interested in the statistical models used in large-scale assessments. This bibliography provides an overview of general resources for educational assessment, as well as more specific resources for the development, analysis, and interpretation of these assessments. The final section provides resources discussing the intended and unintended outcomes of educational assessment, especially for high-stakes accountability of educational systems.

Article.  6917 words. 

Subjects: Education ; Organization and Management of Education ; Philosophy and Theory of Education ; Schools Studies ; Teaching Skills and Techniques

Full text: subscription required

How to subscribe Recommend to my Librarian

Buy this work at Oxford University Press »

Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content. Please, subscribe or login to access all content.