Igor Stravinsky (1882–1971) is arguably the greatest composer of the 20th century. His worldwide fame began with his three early ballets performed by Sergey Diaghilev’s Ballets russes, the third of which (The Rite of Spring) is infamous for the riot it caused at its Parisian premiere in 1913. Stravinsky’s long career and stylistic development encompass many of the major trends in the history of 20th-century music: nationalism, neoclassicism, and serialism. Stravinsky was born in Russia in 1882, but became a permanent émigré because of the Russian revolution. After living in Switzerland during World War I, he moved to France and eventually became a French citizen. His career as a concert pianist and conductor began at this time. Before the beginning of World War II he moved to the United States and became a citizen. Stravinsky met the conductor Robert Craft in 1948, who became Stravinsky’s assistant. It was Craft’s interest in and experience with the music of Schoenberg that led to Stravinsky’s exploration of serialism in his final works.
Article. 20121 words.
Subjects: Music ; Applied Music ; Ethnomusicology ; Music Theory and Analysis ; Musicology and Music History ; Music Education and Pedagogy
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