Article

Woodwind Instruments

Albert R. Rice

in Music

ISBN: 9780199757824
Published online June 2011 | | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/obo/9780199757824-0079
Woodwind Instruments

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Western woodwind instruments are wind instruments (aerophanes) made of wood or metal and include the recorder, flute, flageolet, oboe, clarinet, bassoon, saxophone, bagpipe, and their family members. The orchestral and band instruments (flute, oboe, clarinet, bassoon, and saxophone) were developed in Europe during the 17th through the 19th centuries, although ancient examples of related instruments were played in Egypt as early as 2700 BCE. Less evidence has been found for the use of the bagpipe in ancient Greece, and the earliest clear depictions in pictures and carvings appear during the 1200s in England. The earliest extant recorders date from the 1300s, found in Germany and the Netherlands. Bagpipes and recorders were dispersed to various areas of the world from the 1300s, as were flutes, flageolets, oboes, and bassoons from the late 1600s; clarinets from the early 1800s; and saxophones from the late 1800s. Bagpipes have the greatest variety of forms developed in many different countries and regions. Other European woodwinds developed during the 18th and 19th centuries are the piccolo, alto flute, bass flute, English horn, bass oboe, Heckelphone, alto clarinet, bass clarinet, contra bass clarinet, and contra bassoon. Woodwinds developed after 1500 and extinct instruments include flute d’amour, csakan, oboe d’amour, oboe da caccia, bass oboe, shawm, crumhorn, sarrusophone, rothphone, reed contrabass, contrabassophone, chalumeau, clarinet d’amour, fagottino, and curtal. This annotated bibliography addresses a range of woodwind-related subjects.

Article.  12427 words. 

Subjects: Music ; Applied Music ; Ethnomusicology ; Music Theory and Analysis ; Musicology and Music History ; Music Education and Pedagogy

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