Article

Human Evolution

Jonathan Marks

in Anthropology

ISBN: 9780199766567
Published online January 2012 | | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/obo/9780199766567-0011
Human Evolution

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The changes from Miocene ape to modern person, over several million years, make up the subject matter of human evolution. These changes involve skeletal modifications accompanying bipedalism and, later, manual dexterity and brain expansion; life-history modifications, accompanying prolonged periods of immaturity and maturity; social modifications, accompanying the development of family and kinship and the concomitant obligations of marriage and fatherhood; ecological modifications, accompanying the creation and exploitation of a niche for a technology- and language-reliant species; and genetic modifications. Some of these changes are directly recoverable paleontologically (for example, the anatomy of fossil pelves), some are directly recoverable archaeologically (for example, the development of stone tools), and some are not directly recoverable at all, and can be only inferred (for example, symbolic communication).

Article.  5616 words. 

Subjects: Anthropology ; Human Evolution ; Medical Anthropology ; Physical Anthropology ; Social and Cultural Anthropology

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