Article

Andean Contributions to Rethinking the State and the Nation

Marc Becker

in Latin American Studies

ISBN: 9780199766581
Published online October 2011 | | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/obo/9780199766581-0059
Andean Contributions to Rethinking the State and the Nation

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The Andean region of South America is alternatively understood as a geographic, historical, or cultural area. The Spanish named the steep mountain slopes that parallel the Pacific coast along the entire western edge of South America the Andes because of their terraced appearance. The mountain range begins in Venezuela in the northern part of the continent and runs through Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia, and along the Chile/Argentina border to the southern tip of the continent. Historically, Tawaninsuyu (the Inca Empire) extended almost the entire length of the mountains. In 1532, the Spanish colonized the area as part of the Viceroyalty of Peru. Independence movements created the current countries in the 1820s. The term Andes is also used to refer to a set of common cultural characteristics that pre-date the Incas and have evolved and persisted until the present. Studies of these cultural traits often focus on the central Andean republics of Ecuador, Peru, and Bolivia and commonly interrogate subaltern challenges to dominant state structures. That more limited focus is the emphasis of this article.

Article.  10454 words. 

Subjects: Regional and Area Studies ; History of the Americas

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