Article

Adolescence and Youth

Helena Helve

in Childhood Studies

ISBN: 9780199791231
Published online March 2012 | | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/obo/9780199791231-0047
Adolescence and Youth

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Social-science and humanistic research has focused mainly on young people in the United States and western Europe. Currently, however, researchers throughout the world are increasingly engaged in topics relevant to youth globally. Theories and methodologies of youth research have become indistinguishable from those of its core disciplines, such as sociology, psychology, developmental and social psychology, educational sciences, anthropology, ethnology, medicine, criminology, political science, demography, and history. The International Sociological Association (ISA) established a specialized branch research committee on youth sociology and youth research (RC34) in 1975 as an international interdisciplinary network and meeting place for youth issues in general. Research on adolescence has been done in developmental psychology and life-course sociology, and there have been important contributing areas in the biomedical sciences, including adolescent medicine. In the 1970s, the main interest of developmental scientists was the ages from ten to twenty, including the considerable physical and physiological changes of puberty, a time when the interdependency of biology and cognitive abilities, social relationships, and motivations of adolescents is formed. In postmodern conceptions of development, the importance of adolescence has grown in the broader field of developmental scientists and applied developmental scientists. The approaches are from different perspectives from the fields of psychology, sociology, education, youth and family studies, social work, medicine, psychiatry, criminology, and nursing. All different aspects of youth—the social and cultural construction of youth, youth as a state of being, a distinct category of subjectivity and identity, a form of cultural expression, a stage of life, an element of social-cultural capital, and a socioeconomic resource—are specific issues for youth and research on adolescence and youth.

Article.  12065 words. 

Subjects: Development Studies

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