Antoine-Henri Jomini

Eman M. Vovsi

in Military History

ISBN: 9780199791279
Published online February 2013 | | DOI:
Antoine-Henri Jomini

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Antoine-Henri Baron de Jomini (b. 1779–d. 1869) has become one of the most influential military theorists of the modern age. His principles, which at some point formed the basis for military education, have influenced teaching in European and North American military academies through the 19th century. A Swiss of the French extraction, Jomini received first-hand experience in the Napoleonic Wars (1805–1814) by serving in various capacities as a staff officer beginning in 1805, first as a volunteer. He was quickly promoted, and by the end of 1810 Jomini had become brigadier general and was given the title of Baron of the French Empire. At that time, he was also a renowned military theorist; his first two editions of Treatise on Grand Military Operations, published between 1805 and 1811, embraced the campaigns of Frederick the Great and Napoléon in Italy and compared 18th-century warfare with the new Revolutionary combat doctrine. In 1812–1813, Jomini served with Napoléon’s Grande Armée, where he headed various offices on the lines of communications and as a chief of staff of one of Napoléon’s corps. However, being disillusioned by the entire course of war, in the August of 1813, he joined the Allied forces organizing against France. Admitted to the Russian service, he withdrew from the active duties in early 1814 when the Allies violated Swiss neutrality. After several years of retirement and literary work, in 1823 Jomini resumed his post in the Russian army. He served as an advisor during the Russo-Turkish War (1828–1829). He is also credited with the creation of the Russian Military Academy on General Staff in 1832. Jomini soon retired from the active service and settled in Belgium, where he continued his works on military writings. In 1853, Jomini was called to the Russian service to act as a military adviser to Tsar Nicholas I during the Crimean War (1853–1855). After the peace he settled in Switzerland; in 1858, however, Napoléon III requested Jomini to furnish plans for his campaign in Italy. Jomini moved to Paris, where he continued his military writing until his death.

Article.  9082 words. 

Subjects: Military History ; Pre-20th Century Warfare ; First World War ; Second World War ; Post-WW2 Military History

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