Article

Biological Psychology

James Kalat

in Psychology

ISBN: 9780199828340
Published online November 2011 | | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/obo/9780199828340-0012
Biological Psychology

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Biological psychology approaches behavior and experience with the assumption that they are products of the nervous system, as it has been molded through evolution. This field encompasses studies of genetics, evolution, hormones, the nervous system, and the physiology of other organs, as they relate to perception, movement, learning and memory, motivation and emotion, consciousness, and abnormal behavior. The term biological psychology” is approximately synonymous with biopsychology, psychobiology, behavioral neuroscience, and physiological psychology. Research methods include examining behavioral changes after brain damage, brain stimulation, and drug injections. Methods also include recordings from the brain during behavior, genetic analyses of behavior, and comparisons of behavior in different species. Traditionally, and still to a large extent, researchers have relied on studies of laboratory animals. However, because of advances in brain imaging, today’s researchers also conduct much research on humans.

Article.  18459 words. 

Subjects: Psychology ; Cognitive Psychology ; Developmental Psychology ; Health Psychology ; History and Systems in Psychology ; Educational Psychology ; Social Psychology

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