Article

Ethics in Psychological Practice

Samuel Knapp and Leon VandeCreek

in Psychology

ISBN: 9780199828340
Published online September 2013 | | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/obo/9780199828340-0024
Ethics in Psychological Practice

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  • Psychology
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Professional ethics refers to the laws, regulations, and standards that govern the profession (including ethics codes), the overarching ethical principles that underlie enforceable standards of conduct, ethical decision-making skills, risk management strategies, and self-regulation (emotional competence). The rules and guidelines for professional conduct are codified in the ethics code of the profession; in psychology this code is titled Ethical Principles of Psychologists and Code of Conduct (American Psychological Association [APA], 2010; hereafter Ethics Code). However, laws and standards cannot address all of the issues that professional psychologists face. Psychologists encounter situations that are too unique or context dependent to be covered in law or in an ethics code. Also, psychologists may encounter situations unanticipated by the ethics code, or they may encounter situations in which overarching ethical principles appear to collide with the law or the policies of an institution that employs them. Consequently, psychologists need to rely on overarching ethical values and engage in decision making. “Risk management” refers to activities that reduce the likelihood that psychologists will be investigated or convicted by a disciplinary body. To recent scholars, risk management strategies should focus on implementing or fulfilling overarching ethical principles. This perspective on allowing overarching ethical principles to guide professional behavior is called “positive ethics.”

Article.  11720 words. 

Subjects: Psychology ; Cognitive Psychology ; Developmental Psychology ; Health Psychology ; History and Systems in Psychology ; Educational Psychology ; Social Psychology

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