Article

Mindfulness

Amanda Ie, Christelle Ngnoumen and Ellen Langer

in Psychology

ISBN: 9780199828340
Published online November 2011 | | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/obo/9780199828340-0036
Mindfulness

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Mindfulness is a quality of consciousness whose spiritual concept is most firmly rooted in Buddhist psychology, and whose Western concept, independent of any reference to Eastern contemplative traditions, was derived from a social psychological approach. The Western conception is in many ways similar to ancient Buddhist mindfulness with respect to its consequences, but quite different with respect to how it is achieved. Put most simply, for the Buddhist mindfulness is the result of meditative practice, while for the Western practitioner it results from the process of drawing novel distinctions. A variety of discourses on mindfulness have resulted in a corresponding range of working definitions, but despite multiple working definitions, the various schools of thought all contribute to an elucidation of the concept of mindfulness and how it can be most efficiently applied in various fields and settings, such as psychiatry, medicine, neuroscience, education, interpersonal relationships, health centers, and workplaces, as well as courts and prisons. A growing list of program centers and institutes conduct regular courses and workshops in the training of mindfulness practices as well as the training of professionals in mindfulness, all of which testifies to the burgeoning interest in and practice of mindfulness.

Article.  15403 words. 

Subjects: Psychology ; Cognitive Psychology ; Developmental Psychology ; Health Psychology ; History and Systems in Psychology ; Educational Psychology ; Social Psychology

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