Article

Nonverbal Cues and Communication

Judee Burgoon and Laura Guerrero

in Psychology

ISBN: 9780199828340
Published online November 2012 | | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/obo/9780199828340-0041
Nonverbal Cues and Communication

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  • Psychology
  • Cognitive Psychology
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Long before humans were communicating verbally—that is, through words—they were communicating nonverbally, through gestures, sounds, distancing, touch, and all the additional means of conveying messages other than words themselves. These nonverbal means of expression and interpretation are typically analyzed according to the separate coding systems (e.g., kinesics, vocalics, proxemics) that convey nonverbal messages, through the functions that nonverbal cues accomplish in combination (e.g., express emotions, manage conversations), or through their role in specific applications and contexts (e.g., doctor–patient interaction, social media, conflict management). Also critical to analyzing nonverbal cues are the evolutionary, biological, social, and cultural influences that shape how nonverbal cues are displayed and understood. Research in the late 20th and early 21st centuries has determined that for most communication functions, nonverbal cues carry more weight than verbal cues in conveying meaning. Understanding human communication, then, requires a deep understanding of the place of nonverbal cues in the sending and receiving of messages.

Article.  14686 words. 

Subjects: Psychology ; Cognitive Psychology ; Developmental Psychology ; Health Psychology ; History and Systems in Psychology ; Educational Psychology ; Social Psychology

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