Article

Assessment of Thinking in Educational Settings

Gregory Schraw

in Psychology

ISBN: 9780199828340
Published online November 2011 | | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/obo/9780199828340-0062
Assessment of Thinking in Educational Settings

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  • Psychology
  • Cognitive Psychology
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  • Educational Psychology
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The study of thinking and thinking skills is one of the most important topics in education. Experts agree that there are many different types of thinking, including core categories such as reasoning, argumentation, problem solving and critical thinking, and metacognition. Each of these four categories includes specific, essential component skills, such as induction, constructing argument rebuttals, weighing information, and online monitoring. Collectively, there is a wide variety of core components of thinking, with some authors describing ten or more distinct skills. Each of these skills can be assessed for different purposes, using a variety of assessment formats, such as multiple-choice items or essays. This article includes three main sections that focus on different types of thinking skills, five general categories of assessments, and major printed resources, such as textbooks and edited volumes. One section describes four broad types of thinking skills, including reasoning, argumentation, problem solving and critical thinking, and metacognition (see Types of Thinking Skills, Reasoning, Argumentation, Problem Solving and Critical Thinking, and Metacognition). The next section examines five general categories of thinking-skills assessments that focus on general aptitude and achievement, general thinking skills, content knowledge, procedural leaning, and attitudes and dispositions (see General Aptitude and Achievement, General Thinking Skills, Content Knowledge, Procedural Learning, and Attitudes and Dispositions).

Article.  9844 words. 

Subjects: Psychology ; Cognitive Psychology ; Developmental Psychology ; Health Psychology ; History and Systems in Psychology ; Educational Psychology ; Social Psychology

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