Article

Thinking Skills in Educational Settings

Gregory Schraw

in Psychology

ISBN: 9780199828340
Published online July 2012 | | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/obo/9780199828340-0069
Thinking Skills in Educational Settings

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  • Psychology
  • Cognitive Psychology
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  • Educational Psychology
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Thinking skills (TS) refer to a large collection of individual skills and strategies that enable individuals to control, monitor, and regulate their learning and memory. Researchers and instructors have identified a core set of thinking skills and have developed a variety of instructional programs that sequence these skills in an effective manner. Nevertheless, debate continues as to how to define thinking skills, to select an essential set of skills for instruction, to teach these skills in the classroom, and to assess their utility. This article addresses a number of issues related to thinking skills in educational settings. Definitions focuses on different ways to define thinking skills. Component Skills discusses different components of thinking skills. Instructional Practices reviews several important instructional strategies, including general instructional principles and comparative studies that focus on the utility of infusion methods. The Role of Peers considers the role of peer learners in teaching and assessing thinking skills. The next section addresses the Development of thinking. Processing and Assessment Models and Assessment Guidelines consider cognitive models and guidelines for assessing critical thinking. Student Achievement and Learning provides a variety of references and bibliographic resources for additional reading.

Article.  7601 words. 

Subjects: Psychology ; Cognitive Psychology ; Developmental Psychology ; Health Psychology ; History and Systems in Psychology ; Educational Psychology ; Social Psychology

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