Article

Addictive Behavior

Kenneth J. Sher and Alvaro Vergés

in Psychology

ISBN: 9780199828340
Published online October 2013 | | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/obo/9780199828340-0126
Addictive Behavior

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Historians and anthropologists have documented the existence of addictive behaviors across diverse societies from the beginning of recorded history. Thus, when we examine this topic, we should appreciate that we are looking at a phenomenon that has been a significant part of human experience for thousands of years. However, the scientific understanding of addiction and its effects is only a very recent achievement. Addictive behaviors, broadly defined to include both substance and nonsubstance addictions, are among the most common psychiatric conditions in the world. They are associated with a number of health and social negative consequences across the lifespan, which in turn lead to significant economic costs for society. Although impressive progress has been made regarding the conceptualization and etiology of addictive behaviors, their complexity remains puzzling for both researchers and clinicians. However, support for the efficacy of numerous preventive and treatment interventions has been accumulating in recent decades.

Article.  20206 words. 

Subjects: Psychology ; Cognitive Psychology ; Developmental Psychology ; Health Psychology ; History and Systems in Psychology ; Educational Psychology ; Social Psychology

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