Article

Angola

W. Martin James

in African Studies

ISBN: 9780199846733
Published online October 2012 | | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/obo/9780199846733-0016
Angola

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Angola is a land of contrast. It has abundant natural resources such as petroleum, diamonds, phosphate, timber, and fish. It also has numerous rivers for hydroelectric energy and fertile farmland. The people are resilient and keen to improve their socioeconomic status. Although, Angola has suffered through five hundred years of Portuguese colonialism and war, peace has reigned since 2002—, yet problems remain. The farmland is rife with landmines, many former combatants remain unemployed, and displaced Angolans still reside in neighboring nations or have been removed from their tribal home areas. Health problems are on the rise, with polio, malaria, and HIV/AIDS spreading. Democracy has yet to fully take root in Angola as the Movimento Popular de Libertação de Angola (MPLA) continues to dominate the political system. Angola could have a bright future, but first the nation must exorcise the ghosts of the past. On a more positive note, Angola’s artistic culture is reviving through poetry, novels, and theater. More and more Angolan writers, artists, and filmmakers are beginning to explore the rich variety of their nation’s long, varied history and the personalities who shaped it.

Article.  9981 words. 

Subjects: African History ; African Languages ; African Music ; African Philosophy ; African Studies

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