Article

Nigeria

Ebiegberi Joe Alagoa and Atei Mark Okorobia

in African Studies

ISBN: 9780199846733
Published online October 2012 | | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/obo/9780199846733-0072
Nigeria

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Nigeria, with its oil, gas, and a variety of solid mineral and agricultural resources, is one of the economies with enormous potential in the 21st century, especially with the government’s continued commitment to maintaining democratic stability to attract foreign investments through its policies of liberalization, privatization, and deregulation. With over 150 million people, it is the most populous nation in Africa, as well as one of the continent’s largest countries, stretching across 923,768.64 square kilometers. It is located within the tropics on the west coast of Africa, bordering Benin, Niger, Chad, Cameroon, and the Atlantic Ocean. Its 800-kilometer coastline contains natural harbors and sandy beaches. According to estimates, one in every five Africans is a Nigerian, with a population comprising more than 250 ethnic groups, of which the Hausa/Fulani in the North, the Yoruba in the Southwest, Igbo in the Southeast, the Ijo in the South-South/Niger Delta region, and the Kanuri in the Northeast are the largest. There are also some very influential minorities in the Middle Belt/Central Nigerian and the South-South regions. A former British colony, Nigeria gained her independence in 1960. Barely six years after independence, Nigeria experienced a succession of military coups, which meant that many critical long-term projects were never started, or that those that were started were abandoned. Consequently, the country’s infrastructure has suffered from underdevelopment. Since the return to civilian democracy in 1999, however, Nigeria has established robust democratic structures and begun a series of economic and social reforms that are beginning to bear fruit. Under the administration of President Goodluck Jonathan, who took office in May 2010, Nigeria is undergoing some transformation, and it stands on the brink of achieving more substantial and sustainable political, social, and economic growth.

Article.  18495 words. 

Subjects: African History ; African Languages ; African Music ; African Philosophy ; African Studies

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