Management Research during World War II

Robert F. Grattan

in Management

ISBN: 9780199846740
Published online January 2013 | | DOI:
Management Research during World War II


The circumstances of World War II introduced major changes to the way in which societies operated all over the world, and much of the trappings of normal life had to be sacrificed to the war effort. The term World War II requires definition since Britain and France were at war with Germany from 1939 to 1945, the Soviet Union was at war with Germany from June 1941 to 1945, and the United States was at war with Japan and Germany from December 1941 to 1945 (although some preparatory measures were undertaken before formal hostilities began). For the purposes of this bibliography, World War II is deemed to have lasted from 1939 to 1945, which assumption needs to be borne in mind when considering the academic activity in the United States between 1939 and 1941. The academic world was not immune to these changes since young men went off to fight in the armed forces, and the efforts of many of those remaining were concentrated on satisfying the demands exacted by the war on producing more arms and materiel for the conflict and food for the population. The changes of attitude consequent on these new demands meant that study, in general, was more devoted to problem-solving than theory generation, and this orientation affected what was written and published during this period. The term management research implies a requirement for academic rigor, and the practical, “how-to” paper may well lack that approach, so the criterion adopted in this bibliography for the selection of papers to reference is as follows: Research is the purposive collection and analysis of data and information leading to the proposition of a scholarly conclusion or theory which can be tested by other researchers.

Article.  5814 words. 

Subjects: Business and Management

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