Longitudinal Research

Mo Wang

in Management

ISBN: 9780199846740
Published online January 2013 | | DOI:
Longitudinal Research


Longitudinal research refers to a family of research methods that involves obtaining repeated measures of variables from the same group of individuals over an extended period of time. Data are first collected at the outset of the study and may then be gathered repeatedly throughout the length of the study. When testing causal theories, social scientists typically prefer longitudinal research design over cross-sectional research design because longitudinal research can help establish evidences both for covariation between variables and for the temporal order of variables, and thus can enhance causal inference. Nevertheless, longitudinal research design cannot eliminate competing explanations (e.g., third-variable effects) and, as a result, does not absolutely establish a causal relationship or allow causal claims. Longitudinal research is also useful for studying changes in same variables as well as in associations between variables over time.

Article.  6408 words. 

Subjects: Business and Management

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