Article

Location Theory

Alan T. Murray

in Geography

ISBN: 9780199874002
Published online February 2013 | | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/obo/9780199874002-0037
Location Theory

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The topic of location theory has generally been associated with the descriptive characterization of observed patterns across geographic space typically associated with human settlement, industry siting, service competition, and more generally consumer behavior. Part of this was driven by wanting to better understand why places were where they were, but ultimately the goal was to gain a sound grasp on the factors associated with locational decision making and what makes a good location. Early literature and research focused on the notion of description and inference. This involved examining, characterizing, and better understanding observed spatial patterns and behavior. Certainly, urban and rural development and various types of public and private services were important areas of emphasis. As more understanding was achieved, there was a natural move to prescription. Thus late-20th- and early 21st-century work has focused on operational classes of locational selection, where specific geographic patterns can be prescribed for realizing stated goals and objectives. That is, location theory has operated on various principles derived from classic work to support planning and decision making through the use of spatial models that encapsulate driving principles of locational choice.

Article.  6381 words. 

Subjects: Earth Sciences and Geography ; Human Geography

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