Urban Geography

Linda McCarthy

in Geography

ISBN: 9780199874002
Published online February 2013 | | DOI:
Urban Geography

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In 2007, the world reached an urban milestone when the percentage of people living in cities exceeded 50 percent for the first time in history. By 2010, the world’s urban population approached nearly 3.5 billion, and it is projected to rise to nearly 6.3 billion by 2050. To put these figures into historical perspective, in 1950 less than 30 percent of the world’s population was urbanized. Urban geography can help us understand urbanization trends and their expression in urban spatial structure and to relate these to our own lives and concerns. The study of urban geography can help us have a better appreciation of the economics of what goes on within cities and recognize the interdependencies involved in local, national, and international economic development in an increasingly globalized world. It can provide us with a framework for conceptualizing urbanism in conjunction with an appreciation of history and the relationships among art, culture, and society. It can illuminate the interplay of science and technology with social and economic change; reveal important dimensions related to race, gender, and sexuality; identify important issues concerning social inequality, urban segregation, and gentrification; raise concerns about urban environmental quality; and point to important lessons for urban governance and policy. Most of all, of course, the study of urban geography can help us understand, analyze, and interpret the landscapes and communities of cities and metropolitan areas around the world. In fact, urban geography is arguably one of the most important subdisciplines within geography, and especially within human geography.

Article.  15603 words. 

Subjects: Earth Sciences and Geography ; Human Geography

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