The Kingdom of Herod and his Successors

Adrian Curtis

in Oxford Bible Atlas

Third edition

Published in print March 2007 | ISBN: 9780191001581
Published online April 2009 |
The Kingdom of Herod and his Successors

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This chapter presents the stories of Herod the Great and his successors. In 63 bce, the Roman general Pompey entered Jerusalem as conqueror and brought to an end the rule of the Hasmonean dynasty. An Idumean named Antipater was made ruler of Galilee in return for his services to the Romans, and his sons Herod and Phasael shared in the exercise of power. Following a period of conflict and the deaths of Antipater and Phasael, Herod achieved power, gaining control first of Galilee, Samaria, and Idumea in 39 bce, and ultimately of the whole of the area in 37 bce when he captured Jerusalem. After Herod's death, his kingdom was divided between three of his sons: Archelaus received Judea and Samaria; Herod Antipas received Galilee and Perea; and Philip received Ituraea.

Keywords: Herod; Archelaus; Herod Antipas; Philip; Jerusalem

Chapter.  548 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Religious Studies ; Biblical Studies

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