Between Alexandria and Antioch

Leonard J. Greenspoon

in The Oxford History of the Biblical World

Published in print December 1998 | ISBN: 9780195139372
Published online April 2009 |
Between Alexandria and Antioch

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This chapter explores Jews and Judaism during the Hellenistic period. Hellenism incorporated a worldview and way of life that appeared to avoid the excesses and unacceptable features of earlier outsiders' religions and cultures; at the same time it offered elevated concepts that would join Jews to the rest of the culturally and economically advantaged of the known world. As a result, this period saw unprecedented ruptures that pitted group against group, even among the priestly families. A creative and mutually beneficial synthesis between Judaism and Hellenism was attained. Much of the Jewish-Greek literature examined, both that originally composed in Greek and that translated from a Semitic language into Greek, achieved a high level of cultural, artistic, and aesthetic synthesis. The same is true in the realm of architecture.

Keywords: Alexander the Great; Jews; Judaism; Hellenism; Antiochus; Greek literature

Chapter.  18502 words. 

Subjects: Religious Studies ; Biblical Studies

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